Coronavirus is also known as COVID-19 is an infectious disease, from the end of 2019 and still (in 2021) the Coronavirus affected the whole world very badly. The virus mainly transmitted from one person to another by coughs, sneezes, exhales, breathing, and touching an infected person and area.
Due to Coronavirus, more than 3 million people lost their lives, and over 145 million people are infected by this deadly virus. From 2019 to till present day mostly every country London, Germany, India, France, Italy, etc. suffered the new covid-19 variant from time to time. There are few precautions to save yourself from covid-19, but the final and only solution is proper vaccinations.
Here is a list of COVID-19 Vaccines approved by national regulatory authorities, full authorization in some countries, and emergency authorization in different countries worldwide.
Oxford-AstraZeneca COVID-19 Vaccine
Also called AZD1222, developed by AstraZeneca and Oxford University marketed under the brand name Vaxzevria (in European Union) and Covishiled (in India). In India, this vaccine is marketed by Serum Institute of India under the brand name Covishield (SII is Indian biotechnology and pharma company and the world’s largest vaccine manufacturer).
The vaccine is approved for emergency use in over 100 countries including Australia, UK, India, the Philippines, Thailand, Canada, France, Germany, etc., and in Brazil, the vaccination is fully authorized.
The vaccine storage temperature is between 2-8°c (for 6 months), it is available in 2 doses, the efficiency of preventing covid-19 is 76% after the first dose and 81% after the second dose.
Johnson and Johnson COVID-19 Vaccine
Also called Janssen is a coronavirus Vaccine, developed by Janssen Vaccines (a subsidiary of Johnson & Johnson).
Janssen COVID-19 medicine is approved by many countries for emergency use including Brazil, Canada, Finland, Germany, United States, Poland, Spain, and many others.
It is a one-dose vaccine, and according to JNJ, its efficiency is 85% in preventing corona, the vial stored between 2-8°C temperature.
Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine
Also called mRNA-1273 is a Coronavirus vaccine developed by Moderna (American pharma company) along with Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA) and the U.S. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID).
Moderna Vaccine is approved by over 40 countries including Canada, UK, Switzerland, Germany, Singapore, the United States, Italy, and others.
The efficiency of this vaccine is 94% after 2 weeks of the second dose, It is also available in 2 doses, and storage in -25 to -15°C(6 months) and 2-8°C(for 30 days).
Covaxin is also known as BBV152 is a coronavirus vaccine, developed by Bharat Biotech (an Indian biotechnology company) in association with the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR).
Over 10 countries using this vaccine as an emergency including India, Iran, the Philippines, Venezuela, Brazil, Myanmar, Mexico, etc.
The storage temperature of the vaccine is 2-8°c, available in 2 dose versions, its efficiency rate is 81% in phase 3 trial as of March 2021.
Sputnik V is a COVID-19 Vaccine produced by Gamaleya Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology (Russian medical research institute).
Gamaleya Sputnik V approved by over 60 countries as an emergency use including Uzbekistan, Albania, Russia, India, Mexico, UAE, Pakistan, Egypt, etc. the vaccine distributed globally over a billion doses ordered by Feb 2021.
The vaccine is available in 2 doses, its storage temperature is -18.5°C (in liquid form) and 2-8°C (in dry form), it is efficient over 80% after both dose vaccination.
Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine
Also called BNT162b2 a vaccine to prevent coronavirus, sold under brand name Comirnaty (in China partnered with Fosun Pharma) developed by American company Pfizer partnered with German company BioNTech.
The vaccine approved for full authorization in Brazil, New Zealand, Switzerland, and Saudi Arabia, over 90 countries approved this vaccination for emergency use including Canada, UAE, China, Spain, UK, United States, Italy, South Africa, Romania, etc.
The vaccine storage is difficult for many countries -80 to -60°C (6 months) and 2-8°C (5 days), avail in 2 doses, and its potential efficiency is 91% after the second dose of vaccination.
CoronaVac is a coronavirus vaccine developed by Sinovac Biotech (a Chinese biopharmaceutical company).
In China is used by full authorization, and approved for emergency use by more than 25 countries including Brazil, Chile, Pakistan, Mexico, Thailand, Turkey, and others.
Sinovac COVID-Vaccine showed 83% efficacy in phase 3 results, It is stored in 2-8°C temperature, and it is also available in 2 dose versions.
Sinopharm COVID-19 Vaccine
Also called BBIBP-CorV is a coronavirus vaccine produced by Sonopharm (China state-owned pharmaceutical enterprise).
The vaccine is fully authorized in China, Bahrain, and UAE, and 40 other countries approved this as an emergency use including Belarus, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Laos, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and many others.
The storage temperature for this vaccine should be 2-8°C, it is also available in 2 doses, and its efficiency is found 86% in Phase 3 by UAE.
Remdesiver is an antiviral medication sold under the brand name Veklury developed by Gilead Sciences (an American biopharmaceutical company). originally it evolved to treat Hepatitis C (an infectious disease that affects the liver) then look into for Ebola and Marburg Virus.
The Remdesiver vaccine is approved to treat Coronavirus (COVID-19) in around 50 countries for emergency use including India, United States, European Union, Japan, Australia, Iran, and others.
In India the Remdesiver is manufactured by generic drugs companies by different brands name like –
- Zydus Cadila – Remdac
- Cipla – Cipremi
- Hetero Labs – Covifor
- Mylan – Desrem
- Jubilant Lifesciences – Jubi-R
The vaccine is better performs for patients who are hospitalized.
Some Other approved vaccines for COVID-19
Convidecia produced by CanSino Biologics (a Chinese vaccine company) and the Academy of Military Medical Sciences (Beijing, China).
EpiVacCorona developed by Vector Center of Virology (a Russian biological research center).
RBD-Dimer developed by Anhui Zhifei Longcom Biopharmaceutical (a Chinese company).
CoviVac produced by Chumakov Centre (Russian Academy of Sciences).
Disclaimer: This information is for educational & informational purposes only, not medical advice.